Identification of Goods and Services

The identification of goods and services must be specific, definite, clear, accurate, and concise. TMEP 1402.01. The USPTO has a Manual of  Acceptable Identification of Goods and Services and  may add to this manual upon request new categories of goods and services if they serve the applicant’s needs and fit the standards of the USPTO.

Therefore, proper punctuation in identifications of goods is necessary to delineate explicitly each product within a list and to avoid ambiguity.  Generally, commas should be used (1) to separate a series of related items identified within a particular category of goods, (2) before and after “namely,” and (3) between each item in a list of goods following “namely.”  TMEP §1402.01(a).  Semicolons generally should be used to separate a series of distinct categories of goods within an international class.

Representations of identified goods and services are material to the USPTO’s decision to issue a registration and if the information is incorrect, it may be fraud on the USPTO, a cause to have a registration canceled. Hachette Filipacchi Presse v. Elle Belle LLC, 85 U.S.P.Q.2d 1090 (TTAB 2007).

An application for registration can be amended by narrowing the scope up until time of publishing. New matter cannot be added after application, amendments which materially alter the mark are prohibited. Misidentification of goods and services is a common issue in trademark rejections.


With few exceptions, an identification of goods and services will be considered acceptable if it is:

    * Written in English

    * Describes the goods and/or services so that an English speaker could understand what the goods and/or services are even if the grammar or phrasing isn't optimal

    * Meets the standards (not necessarily the language) set forth in the US ID Manual, such as parentheses and brackets should not be used in identifications of goods and services (see TMEP 1402.12)

    * Not a class heading

    * In the correct class

    * Must be specific, definite, clear, accurate, and concise



Notes are available for some Identifications, if a Note is available, an underscored letter "Y" will display in the Note column of the search results page.

Trademark owners should be aware that the right to register with the USPTO is determined by both the application and the mark, not just the mark being registered. A proper identification of goods and services is a vital part of the application. Many  trademark refusals can be avoided or overcome by using Not Just Patents ® Trademark Services. Not Just Patents does not just simply zoom through filling out an application and submit it--your legal rights are at stake! We do the homework to get it right.

For more information on identification of goods and services, see Trademark ID Manual for a short list and more extensive list of the goods and services categories.

Not Just Patents®

Aim Higher® Facts Matter

Not Just Patents® LLC

PO Box 18716

Minneapolis, MN 55418


Call 1-651-500-7590 or email for Responses to Office Actions; File or Defend an Opposition or Cancellation; Trademark Searches and Applications; Send or Respond to Cease and Desist Letters.

For more information from Not Just Patents, see our other sites:      

Steps to a Patent    How to Patent An Invention

Should I Get A Trademark or Patent?

Trademark e Search    Strong Trademark     Enforcing Trade Names

Common Law Trademarks  Trademark Goodwill   Abandoned Trademarks

Chart of Patent vs. Trade Secret

Patent or Trademark Assignments

Trademark Disclaimers   Trademark Dilution     TSDR Status Descriptors

Oppose or Cancel? Examples of Disclaimers  Business Cease and Desist

Patent, Trademark & Copyright Inventory Forms

Verify a Trademark  Be First To File    How to Trademark Search

Are You a Content Provider-How to Pick an ID  Specimens: webpages

How to Keep A Trade Secret

State & Federal Trade Secret Laws

Using Slogans (Taglines), Model Numbers as Trademarks

Which format? When Should I  Use Standard Characters?

Opposition Pleadings    UDRP Elements    

Oppositions-The Underdog    Misc Changes to TTAB Rules 2017

How To Answer A Trademark Cease and Desist Letter

Converting Provisional to Nonprovisional Patent Application (or claiming benefit of)

Trademark Refusals    Does not Function as a Mark Refusals

Insurance Extension  Advantages of ®

How to Respond to Office Actions

What is a Compact Patent Prosecution?

Acceptable Specimen       Supplemental Register   $224 Statement of Use

How To Show Acquired Distinctiveness Under 2(f)

Trademark-Request for Reconsideration

Why Not Just Patents? Functional Trademarks   How to Trademark     

What Does ‘Use in Commerce’ Mean?    

Grounds for Opposition & Cancellation     Cease and Desist Letter

Trademark Incontestability  TTAB Manual (TBMP)

Valid/Invalid Use of Trademarks     Trademark Searching

TTAB/TBMP Discovery Conferences & Stipulations

TBMP 113 Service of TTAB Documents  TBMP 309 Standing

Examples and General Rules for Likelihood of Confusion

USPTO Search Method for Likelihood of Confusion

Examples of Refusals for Likelihood of Confusion   DuPont Factors

What are Dead or Abandoned Trademarks?

 Can I Use An Abandoned Trademark?

Color as Trade Dress  3D Marks as Trade Dress  

Can I Abandon a Trademark During An Opposition?

Differences between TEAS and TEAS plus  

How do I Know If Someone Has Filed for An Extension of Time to Oppose?

Ornamental Refusal  Standard TTAB Protective Order

SCAM Letters Surname Refusal

What Does Published for Opposition Mean?

What to Discuss in the Discovery Conference

Descriptive Trademarks  

Likelihood of Confusion 2d

Acquired Distinctiveness  2(f) or 2(f) in part

Merely Descriptive Trademarks  

Merely Descriptive Refusals

ID of Goods and Services see also Headings (list) of International Trademark Classes

Register a Trademark-Step by Step  

Protect Business Goodwill Extension of Time to Oppose

Geographically Descriptive or Deceptive

Change of Address with the TTAB using ESTTA

Likelihood of confusion-Circuit Court tests

Pseudo Marks    How to Reply to Cease and Desist Letter

Not Just Patents Often Represents the Underdog

 Overcome Merely Descriptive Refusal   Overcome Likelihood Confusion

Protecting Trademark Rights (Common Law)

Steps in a Trademark Opposition Process   

Section 2(d) Refusals

Zombie Trademark  

What is the Difference between Principal & Supplemental Register?

Typical Brand Name Refusals  What is a Family of Marks? What If Someone Files An Opposition Against My Trademark?

How to Respond Office Actions  

DIY Overcoming Descriptive Refusals

Trademark Steps Trademark Registration Answers TESS  

Trademark Searching Using TESS  Trademark Search Tips

Trademark Clearance Search   DIY Trademark Strategies

Published for Opposition     What is Discoverable in a TTAB Proceeding?

Counterclaims and Affirmative Defenses

©2008-2017 All Rights Reserved. Not Just Patents LLC, PO Box 18716, Minneapolis, MN 55418.

Call: 1-651-500-7590 or email: This site is for informational purposes only and is provided without warranties, express or implied, regarding the information's accuracy, timeliness, or completeness and does not constitute legal advice. No attorney/client relationship exists without a written contract between Not Just Patents LLC and its client. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Privacy Policy Contact Us